3.Reexamination of “Media Biotope”

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1. Early concepts 1999~2005

  • Biotope is a small ecosystem community people can revive. In the 1990s, it became a popular environmental movement among community organizations, schools, local governments in Japan.
  • Media Biotope is a metaphorical and strategic concept of designing micro media ecosystems against mass media.
  • Each Media Biotope should connect to make them a flexible and tough network.
  • We should provide toolkits, workshops, tutorials for community people to develop media biotopes spontaneously.
  • Media Biotope can include community-based learning places and opportunities for media literacy.
  • Mizukoshi, S. 2005. Media Biotope: Designing Media Ecosystem. Tokyo: Kinokniya-shoten (Japanese)



2. Challenges 2010s

  • The arrival of the web 2.0 age
  • The rapid diffusion of SNSs and N*N communication
  • The spread of small media ecosystems of cults, ultra-right wings, racists, etc., makes “media biotope” coined in the age of web 1.0 just a utopian concept.

3. New considerations 2020s~

  • We can reconsider Media Biotope with plural layers: the consumption and production of media content, plus design & experience of media platform & infrastructure.
  • It is an experimental practice to create an alternative media ecosystem to showcase the next media literacy against platform capitalism: GAFA and BATH.
  • “Grass-Roots AI” (Hori, 2014)
  • “Archive As Far As You Can See” (Kariyado, 2014)
  • A Media Biotope should 
  • consist of interdisciplinary collaborations, social engagements, community-based design of learning communities for diverse people’s media literacy.
  • connect to make them a flexible and tough social network.
  • provide toolkits, workshops, tutorials for community people to learn about media spontaneously



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